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Fuzhou is the capital of Fujian Province, located in thesoutheast coast of China, and the nearest provincial capital city to Taiwan. Itis a famous hometown of overseas Chinese and the ancestral to Taiwancompatriots. Fuzhou is the political, economic, cultural, scientific researchcenter and modern financial service center of the economic zone on the westcoast of the Straits, one of the first 14 coastal port cities open to theoutside world, the gateway of the Maritime Silk Road and one of the three zonesof China (Fujian) Pilot Free Trade Zone. Fuzhou is also one of the fiveearliest treaty ports in modern China. Fuzhou Mawei is the cradle of modernChinese navy and the birthplace of Chinese ship administration culture.Surrounded by mountains and sea, Fuzhou enjoys a pleasant climate and beautifulenvironment all year round.



ART
Shifan music culture originates from Fuzhou Tea Pavilion. Approved by the State Council in 2006, it was included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list, and is known as "the life memory of the ancient nation". Since the mid-Daoguang period of the Qing Dynasty, the sources of tunes can be broadly divided into Wupai, Xiaodiao, Huapai and some popular songs. The tunes handed down so far include "Wu Feng Yin", "Qin Lou Yue" and the other 21. Shifan isalso called "Shi Huan", because it is popular in Fuzhou tea paviliongeneration, so it is also called Tea Pavilion Shifan. There are more than ten kinds of musical instruments, such string instrument as Yeh-hu, percussion cymbals and so on. The performance emphasizes the second half beat, and the music is high octave with the rough and enthusiastic features but also elegant lyric. Performers may be seated, moving or dancing when playing indoors or outdoors.
Chiyi, also known as Chichang, belongs to one of the five traditional operas in Fujian Province. In Fuzhou dialect, "chi" is extended to the common name of playing and singing. In the early years, Chichang was formed by fuzhou folk performers who collected Sanqu, Xiaoling, folk songs and Xiaodiao, conveyed opera pieces and folk stories, and performed in social gatherings. In Chiyi performance, there are usually one or two people talking and singing as playing Erhu or Sanxian (three-stringed instrument). The main form of Chiyi performance is singing with some narration in between. Some people accompany chiyi with such musical instruments as Sanxian, Yueqin and Dihu.
Fuzhou Pinghua mainly take forms in talking, but also singing and acting in between. As long as the two big square tables, a desk and a chair are placed on the ground and it’s unnecessary to build a grand stage, Pinghua performer walks into and after the table, holding a cymbals in his left hand and a chopstick in his right hand. He sometimes strikes table, sometimes knocks cymbals, sometimes hits wake wood to accentuate tone, sometimes shakes folding fan to perform image. Fuzhou Pinghua focuses on singing, speaking and acting. Most of the songs consist of seven or eight words, divided into two sentences, and the main tunes are "High mountains and flowing waters", "Waves rush the sand" and "drops of gold". Hua vocal tune is mainly composed of three types: introducing background information, chanting and illustrating, among which chanting is the basic singing style of Fuzhou Pinghua. The spoken parts are vivid and popular, and the chanting and narrating alternate during the performance, and the characters and the plot are highlighted through facial expressions and body movements.
Min Opera, also known as Fuzhou Opera, originated in the late Ming Dynasty and has a history of more than 400 years. It is the only existing opera performed and recited in Fuzhou dialect. In 2006, Fuzhou Min Opera was listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural Heritage list, and Fuzhou Min Opera House was awarded the national intangible cultural heritage protection unit. In the late Ming Dynasty, Yiyang tune was introduced into central Fujian and gradually merged with the local dialect minor tune to form Jianghu tune. Four hundred years ago, "Oulinban" made their debut in Fuzhou Hongtang Township Jinshan Temple, marking the birth of Fujian opera art. After the Revolution of 1911, Min opera enters into prosperous period, giving rise to some folk troupes like Old Saile, new Saile, Sansaile, Shanchuanqi, Saitianran and Qingleran and four famous top actors, Yiqin Zheng, Yuanfan Zeng, Liangfan Xue and Qiufan Ma emerged at that time. To the modern, Xiaoqin Liu, Xiaobai Li and Xiaohu Dong, the three actors are said to be "Three XIAO of Min Opera".
Special souvenir
In the end of the Qing Dynasty, Tongzhi, Guangxu years, there appeared two dominate factions of Fuzhou Shoushan stone carving-- "Dongmen Faction" and "Ximen Faction". There are many factors for the emergence of the factions, such as the difference in the carving customs, the difference in the birthplace, the difference in the market object. The competition and development between various factions greatly promoted the influence of Shoushan stone culture and the prosperity of shoushan stone carving from the late Qing Dynasty to the early Republic of China.
Fuzhou is the hometown of root art, root carving is one of the famous Fuzhou special arts, comparable to wood carving, Shoushan stone carving, bodiless lacquer. Root carving, as one of the traditional carving arts of the Han nationality, is based on the spontaneous and distorted forms of roots (including tree body, tree tumor, bamboo root, etc.) as the object of artistic creation, through deliberate conception, artistic processing and technological processing, to create artistic images of people, animals, utensils and other works. Root carving art is the combination of the natural beauty and creative processing. In the creation of root carving, natural form should be the main use of timber to represent artistic image, auxiliary manual processing. Root carving. therefore, is also known as “art of root”.

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